Patent ductus arteriosus historical perspective

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Patent Ductus Arteriosus Microchapters

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Overview

Anatomy

Historical Perspective

Pathophysiology

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Differentiating Patent Ductus Arteriosus from other Diseases

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor-In-Chief: Priyamvada Singh, M.B.B.S. [2], Cafer Zorkun, M.D., Ph.D. [3], Assistant Editor-In-Chief: Kristin Feeney, B.S. [4]

Overview

PDA is a congenital heart defect when a child's ductus arteriosus fails to close after birth, producing a heart murmur described in 1898 by Gibson as the classic machinery murmur.

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